Length 19-25.5 cm, Weight 120-305 g. A small owl with yellow eyes, a small beak and black eyebrow ridges that lead up in a “Y” configuration to short ear tufts on the corners of the head. The head is crowned with a triangular russet and black cap that follows the eyebrow ridge to the ear tufts. Ear tufts may not always be visible, depending on the owl's 'mood'. A master of arboreal camouflage, the white to pale-grey plumage is streaked with black and brown making it difficult to see against tree trunks or cavities where it generally roosts and nests. The coastal subspecies tends to have greater brown colouration while the interior subspecies is greyer. As with most raptors, females are generally larger and heavier than males.
B.C. Conservation Data Centre. 2010. [Internet] [Updated ]. Species Summary: Megascops kennicottii kennicottii. B.C. MoE.
Cannings, Dick. 2004. [Internet] Accounts and Measures for Managing Identified Wildlife Western Screech Owl Otus kennicottii macfarlanei Accounts V. 2004.
Central Okanagan Terrestrial Ecosystem & Wildlife Habitat Mapping Project. 2001. [Internet] Species account for Western Screech Owl Otus kennicottii macfarlanei.
COSEWIC 2002. [Internet] COSEWIC assessment and update status report on the Western Screech-owl otus kennicottii in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. vi + 31 pp.
Davis, Helen and Richard Weir. 2008. [Internet] Western Screech-Owl Conservation along the Shuswap River Final Report. Artemis Wildlife Consultants. [BCRP Project # 07.W.SHU.01]
Demarchi, M.W. and M.D. Bently. 2005. [Internet].Best Management Practices for Raptor Conservation during Urban and Rural Land Development in British Columbia. B.C. Minist. of Environ., Victoria, B.C. MoE BMP Series.
Elliot, Kyle. 2006. [Internet] Declining numbers of Western Screech Owls in the lower Mainland of BC. British Columbia Field Ornithologists - British Columbia Birds Journal Vol. 14
Ferguson, Greg. 2017. Summary of Inventory Results for the Western Screech-Owl kennicottii subspecies (Megascops kennicottii kennicottii) in Southwestern British Columbia: 2015 to 2017. Prepared for: British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Species Inventory Database
Lewis, Deane P. 2010. [Internet] [Updated April 11 2007] The Owl Pages Western Screech Owl - Megascops kennicottii Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks Resources Inventory Branch. [Internet].2001. RISC standards # 11 Inventory Methods for Raptors
Allen, Maximilian and A. Preston taylor. 2013. First Record of Scavenging by a Western Screech-Owl (Megascops kennicottii). The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 125(2):417-419. 2013.
Robertson, Ian et al. 2000. [Internet] Observations of Two Species at Risk in Mainland Southwestern British Columbia: Hutton’s Vireo and Western Screech-Owl. Proceedings of a Conference on the Biology and Management of Species and Habitats at Risk, Kamloops, B.C. Volume One. B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Victoria, B.C. and University College of the Cariboo, Kamloops, B.C. 490pp.
Western Screech-Owl, macfarlanei subspecies Recovery Team. 2008. Recovery strategy for the Western Screech-Owl, macfarlanei subspecies (Megascops kennicottii macfarlanei) in British Columbia. Prepared for the B.C. Ministry of Environment, Victoria, BC. 14 pp.
First edition prepared in 2010 by Pamela Zevit RPBio for the South Coast Conservation Program (SCCP) with Jamie Fenneman in partnership with: International Forest Products (Interfor), Capacity Forestry (CapFor). Original funding was made possible through the Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) .
2nd Edition 2014 by Isabelle Houde, RPBio in consultation with the SCCP. Content updated by the Pamela Zevit April 2017
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